Introducing World Data Atlas

Dear Users, 

Today is a special day for us because we would like to announce the most important feature we made available to you in last months. Since the very beginning we were pursuing two goals with Knoema: 
  • Make as much statistical data as possible with the broadest coverage available to our users 
  • Make it as easy as possible to utilize available data through visualizations, ready-to-use content and tools 
We learned a lot about our users since Day 1 and were able to identify some broad use cases we didn’t handle particularly well. Many users coming to Knoema were looking for basic statistics such as GDP or population of specific countries. Also there were users looking for information about specific country (like United States or France) and related datasets. And process of finding such information wasn’t extremely easy and straightforward. 

We decided to change that. Meet World Data Atlas. Key world statistics at your fingertips.

Age at first marriage

Age at first marriage varies significantly across countries. In general the higher is per capita income, the older are people who get married at first time. In developed European Countries like Germany, France, Italy, Sweeden, Norway and Finland the age at first marriage exceeds 30 years. On the other hand in low income African countries the age at first marriage is between 17-20 years for females and 23-25 years for males.

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The most honeyed country in the world

It appears that Chinese bees produce 25% of all honey in the world. In 2010 they collected almost 400 thousand tones of honey or about 300g of honey per Chinese citizen.

How big is the shadow economy?

Official statistics for any country don't measure the full set of economic activities. What is registered and fully transparent to the authorities of each country is reported by official statistics. Surprisingly, the unreported part of economic activities for some countries is noticeable in size.

The so called "the shadow economy" is an economic activity that is "deliberately concealed from public authorities to avoid payment of income, value added or other taxes; to avoid payment of social security contributions; having to meet certain legal labour market standards, such as minimum wages, maximum working hours, safety standards, etc; and complying with certain administrative procedures, such as completing statistical questionnaires or administrative forms".

Weighted average share of the shadow economy is estimated to represent about 17% of the official world GDP. In such countries as Bolivia, Georgia, Panama and Zimbabwe the size of the shadow economy in 1999-2007 was higher than 60% of official GDP figures. The smallest size of the shadow economy was observed in the United Kingdom, United States, Luxemburg, Austria and Japan.

Availability of food across countries

Food is a basic human need. And we tried to estimate how much do people pay for food in different countries. It appeared that food availability significantly varies across countries.

In general, price of 1000 Kcal goes up inline with per capita income. For example, in Greece, Belarus, Croatia, Japan and Macedonia people pay $2.8 (based on PPP) for 1000 Kcal. At the same time in Nigeria, Uzbekistan, China India and Kenya the price of 1000 kcal is less then $0.7.

It is interesting, that the U.S. citizens pay for food noticably less compared to other developed and many developing countries.

Gender Inequality Index Around The World

The Gender Inequality Index (GII) reflects women’s disadvantage in three dimensions—reproductive health, empowerment and the labour market—for as many countries as data of reasonable quality allow. The index shows the loss in human development due to inequality between female and male achievements in these dimensions. It ranges from 0, which indicates that women and men fare equally, to 1, which indicates that women fare as poorly as possible in all measured dimensions.

The health dimension is measured by two indicators: maternal mortality ratio and the adolescent fertility rate. The empowerment dimension is also measured by two indicators: the share of parliamentary seats held by each sex and by secondary and higher education attainment levels. The labour dimension is measured by women’s participation in the work force. The Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national achievements in these aspects of human development are eroded by gender inequality, and to provide empirical foundations for policy analysis and advocacy efforts.

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World Crude Steel Production

Volume of crude steel production in China increased to 683 million metric tonnes in 2011, which was almost half of all crude steel produced in the world. The other largest producers (Japan, United States, India, Russia and South Korea) taken together, in 2011 produced 403 million metric tonnes of crude steel, which is equal to 21% of world production. During 2000-2011 production of crude still in China grew more than 6 times. Annual growth during last eleven years was about 18%.

Per capita steel use in China reached 445 kg of crude steel equivalent per capita in 2010, which is equal to the level of developed countries. It means that in mid-term run crude steel production in China will likely decelerate.

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Crude Steel Production, % of world total

Discrepancies in International Trade Data

In theory, exports from country A to country B reported by country A should be equal to imports of country B from country A reported by country B. The reality is not so ideal. For example, lets compare data on Russian imports, reported by Russia, to data on exports to Russia, reported by Russian trade partners.

Russia reported that its imports from China and Germany were $48.2 bln. and $38.5 bln. in 2011 correspondingly. At the same time China and Germany reported that their exports to Russia were $38.9 bln. and $49.3 bln. in the same year. It is a 10 billion USD difference in both cases! How is it possible?

Data Update - July 11

Dear Readers,

We have published another 56 datasets including 12 new datasets from Eurostat, UNESCO, World Economic Forum & others and 44 updated version of datasets published by different sources such as CDIAC, EIA, WB, UNCTAD and others. 

Dataset of the Day: World Bank Global Economic Monitor

Global Economic monitor database contains monthly statistics on consumer prices, international reserves, industrial production and merchandise trade as well as data on selected quarterly and annual economic indicators for more then 200 countries.

Private R&D Expenditures on Agriculture Worldwide

Growing world population, global food demand and the lack of extensive factors of production push food and agriculture producers to find a new ways to increase output.
According to USDA, private agriculture research and development (R&D) expenditures, increased from $6.9 billions in 2000 to $11 billions in 2010. R&D expenditures for crop seed & biotechnology, crop protection chemicals and farm machinery account for about 85% of total private R&D expenditures in the world.

Curios to check your knowledge of agriculture industry? Try our interactive Agriculture 101 Quiz now.

Unemployment in the United States. Regional Breakdown

More than four years in a row unemployment in the US has exceeded 8% and millions of Americans are still suffering. After the unemployment rate reached its peak of 10% in October 2009, it decreased only by 1.8 percentage points so far and stayed at 8.2% in May 2012. Unemployment in California, which accounts for about 12% of total US GDP, is still higher than 10%.

Quick Facts on International Migration

About 3% of world population are international migrants. The United States has the highest stock of international migrants, which increased from 23.3 in 1990 to 42.8 million people in 2010. Russia, Germany, Saudi Arabia and Canada follow the U.S. in terms of international migrants stock.
In 2010 the outflow of international migrants from India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, China and Mexico taken together amounted to 11 million people. The majority of international migrants is a cheap and low qualified labor force. Only 5% of tertiary educated population in the world left their countries as international migrants.

Assessment and measurement of corruption

It is interesting that there is no relationship between actual level of corruption in the country and how people assess government's actions in the fight against corruption. In such a "clean" from corruption countries like Finland, Norway, Switzerland or Canada over 50% of respondents assess government's actions in the fight against corruption as ineffective. Similarly people estimate their governments in much more corrupted countries like Russia, China and Brazil.

One conclusion that probably could be done out of this comparison is that government's activity doesn't have much influence on the "perceived" level of corruption in countries around the world.