Why Young People Are Part-Time Employed in Europe

Education is the main reason for part-time employment among the youth in Europe with 41.4% of people aged 15-29 years working part time due to this reason. Denmark is the leader in this regard as 78.4% of its young population is employed part time because of education and it keeps its leading position through the years.

Moreover, this share increases to 84.1% when regarding younger part of the cohort under consideration, namely, people aged 15-24.

Working Life Expectancy in Europe

While unemployment rate as well as other standard indicators of economic activity focus on specific stages of person's life cycle, duration of working life indicator (DWL) or, in other words, working life expectancy, captures the entire life cycle of active and employed population.

Created with the purpose of monitoring progress made under the Europe 2020 employment strategy, this indicator shows the number of years a person aged 15 years is expected to be economically active in the labor market along his or her life.

The Good Enough to Eat Index

Global food system is far from perfect: even though there is enough food for everyone on Earth ones go to bed hungry every night while others suffer from obesity and overweight. What is wrong with our food system which cannot provide people with enough of the right food and what could be done to treat these failings?

"The Good Enough to Eat Index" is the effort of OXFAM - international organization tackling poverty across the world – aimed exactly at addressing these issues. Capturing data from 8 different established sources for 125 countries, the Food Index depicts current situation in 4 main spheres of food system by means of 8 standardized indicators (2 indicators per each sphere).

World Rankings

In order for the countries to perform sustainable development over times in all spheres of people's lives without imbalances adequate long-term strategic plans for the future are necessary to be elaborated.

Development strategies will be of true benefit only in case if they are based on robust and reliable statistical tools, allowing to conduct comparative analysis of country's performance in all key fields of human being and over time.

Economic & Population Growth After Christ

The question of ancient and pre-modern economic growth is of high interest among many researchers.

Angus Maddison, emeritus professor at the University of Groningen, made important contribution to this research field by providing the most comprehensive and distant (back to 1 AD) estimates of economic and population growth. Maddison spent fifty years to complete these estimates, and, as a result, it was created unique database containing time series for GDP, GDP per capita and population for the period 1-2008 AD covering 163 countries as well as the book "Contours of the World Economy, 1–2030 AD: Essays in Macro-Economic History" (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007) on its basis.

Networked Readiness Index

The Networked Readiness Index (NRI), developed by the World Economic Forum in the frame of Global Information Technology Report, which is considered as the most comprehensive and authoritative international assessment of its kind, depicts the current stage of progress made in the world towards leveraging ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) to boost productivity, economic growth, employment creation and, as a result, increasing the returns.

Sharing your content is now a bit easier

We have made some changes in how content is shared in Knoema and have taken this entire process to a completely new level. Quick sharing makes working in Knoema easier, better, and faster. And we bet you'll be surprised to learn about new features.

1. Share content straight from Dataset Viewer

If you want to share, let's say, an intermediate result of your content from Dataset Viewer it's not even necessary to save the work that has been done. When you generate a link using social bar on the left, a draft with the exact data selection gets saved as a snapshot captured at the moment of creation. For example, take a look here.


One of the Millennium Development Goals is to ensure environmental sustainability (Goal 7) which includes, among others, target to "halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation" (Target 7.C).

Concerning access to safe drinking water, it actual value is 1% over the target value as of 2011. Specifically, 89% of the world's population is served with improved water representing the increase by 37% since 2000.

Find data faster and easier with our improved search

Providing an ultimate data discovery tool for our users remains one of our primary objectives. We believe that Knoema can be a #1 destination for data and data-driven content on the Web.

We have collected more than 150M time series on various topics in a single place and provide a very convenient search engine on the top of a huge data repository.

And below you can find what kind of improvements we have added lately to our search to make your data discovery easier and faster.

Global Firepower

Power Index, assessed by the Global Firepower (GFP) for 106 world countries, allows for broad comparative cross-country analysis of relative military strengths.

The overall score (where 0 represents the perfect value, which is actually unachievable) is calculated on the basis of 43 indicators aggregated into 8 pillars of war-making capabilities (except nuclear potential), namely: man power, land systems, air power, naval power, resources (petroleum) as well as logistical, financial and geographic factors. Indicators used in the calculation of the resulting index are taken from the official sources if publicly available or estimated otherwise.

Air Traffic Between Airports of Germany and Their Partner Airports

Dashboard presents detailed data on air transport by reporting country (namely, Germany) and routes which includes: passengers on board (arrivals, departures and total), passengers carried (arrivals, departures and total), passenger commercial air flights (arrival, departures and total) and seats available (arrival, departures and total).

The data is presented at monthly, quarterly and annual level.

Waste Treatment in Europe

In average, each European citizen generates 492 kilograms of waste per year as 2012 Eurostat data on municipal waste shows. Cross-country comparison reveals that Switzerland is the country with the biggest amount of municipal waste generated per capita (694 kg) followed by Denmark (668 kg), Cyprus (663 kg) and Luxembourg (662 kg).

However, mentioned countries treat all the waste they generate, while in EU-28 as a whole 12 kilograms of waste per capita remains untreated. Herewith, landfilling still remains the major method of treatment in the EU accounting for 34% of total waste treated even in spite of sustainable growth of share of recycled and composted waste from 18% in 1995 to 42% in 2012.

World Trade Monitor

Explore global, regional and country-level monthly data on international trade and industrial production through the CPB World Trade Monitor (WTM) database visualized below. Provided by CPB (Central Planning Bureau) Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, WTM brings together, aggregates and summarizes monthly developments in trade and production at the earliest possible date.

Note: "3M MA" refers to three months moving average, "Momentum" is the percent change of last 3 months average from preceding 3 months average, "M-o-M" is % change from the previous month and "Y-o-Y" is the % change from the corresponding month of the previous year. Here you can find base-year values for trade, exports and imports as well as weights used in calculation of industrial production indices.

Biggest TNCs

Nestlé SA - Switzerland based company - is the company with the highest level of transnationality in the world as of 2012 with in average 97% of its assets, sales and employment being foreign. At the same time, American energy giant General Electric Co has the biggest amount of foreign assets in absolute terms.

This statistics is provided by UNCTAD (United Nation Conference on Trade and Development) who ranks the largest non-financial TNCs by their foreign assets and presents data on assets, sales and employment. In the top-100 companies by foreign assets, 22 companies are US based and account for 23% of all foreign assets of top-100 companies.

World's Happiest Nations

Today in the world there is a strong need for the policies that take into account the things that really matter for people, not just GDP per capita, which as a whole could be named happiness or life satisfaction.

There exists rich evidence that these subjective evaluations of life have a significant impact on broad range of life outcomes, including material wealth, and for that reason they should be considered in determining strategic goals and policies. In order to facilitate this process, many initiatives from international organizations arise as an attempt to measure the level of happiness as well as to understand its main determinants.

BP Energy Outlook to 2035

According to the long term projections of global energy markets elaborated by BP - one of the world's leading international oil and gas companies - global energy demand will rise by 41% between 2011 and 2035 but with gradually moderating pace. Moreover, major share (95%) of this growth will be ensured by the developing countries.

Among all fuels, natural gas will contribute the most to the global energy demand growth, while demand for oil will continue to dominate in absolute terms.

Quality of Life in the EU

If you are asked a question: "Are you satisfied with your life?", what would you think about first of all? Would it be your health, relations with family and friends, income, future prospects, education level or job? Or maybe none of these things matter for your life satisfaction and you are just "singing in the rain, dancing in the rain"?

Actually, all of the mentioned things as well as many other, including overall experience of life, influence people's life satisfaction, which have got close attention in recent time among policymakers and academics.

World's Billionaires Wealth vs Countries' GDP

According to the Forbes, aggregate wealth of 1645 world's billionaires, which totals in $6.4 trillion as of March 2014, is bigger than Japanese GDP - third in the world's GDP ranking with the value of $6 trillion. So, wealth of 0.00002% of world's population account for 9% of the world's GDP ($72 trillion as of 2012).

The richest person on the planet is Bill Gates, whose net worth ($76 bln.) is bigger than GDP of 120 countries and is equivalent to the GDP of Syrian Arab Republic.

Stay up-to-date with data releases with our new service

How many times you felt like you are lost in an overloaded data world? We bet a lot. So many different sources from all around the world publish their datasets on a regular basis: monthly, quarterly, annually and so on. That's just confusing. We thought the situation over and created Data Bulletin - a handy service that can turn into your ultimate news source on data publications.

For now you can follow Data Bulletin on Twitter or join it on Facebook and get daily updates in your user feed. Or alternatively you can subscribe to a mailing list and receive a digest with all the data updates once a week.

We just start working on Data Bulletin, though it's already receiving positive feedback. In the future we are planning to improve it and make it even more interesting and comfortable for your use (like you'll be able to choose what updates you want to receive and select exact topics of your interest or sources). Stay tuned! 

And please find below some latest data releases and updated datasets for the past week.

Production, Trade and Use of Steel Across the World

Being first produced in 200 BC and first put on mass production in 1850s steel nowadays is arguably the most important material used in engineering and construction throughout the world. Being an alloy of iron and carbon, steel accounts for over 3500 various grades with different chemical, environmental and physical properties, 75% of which have been created in the past 2 decades.

As of 2012, it was produced 1,545 million tons of crude steel in the World with China being an absolute leader accounting for about a half of world's crude steel production, according to the data provided by World Steel Association.


As stated in the ITF Transport Outlook 2013, published by International Transport Forum, at the current stage of global economic development value chains based on reliable and relatively low-cost transport networks are key to sustainable economic growth.

That is why, it could be said, that transportation contributes to economic growth, first of all, by boosting inbound and international trade flows through roads, railways, air and marine routes.

Level of Education Across The World By 2050

Present dashboard is aimed at providing comprehensive visual analysis of the dataset developed on the basis of the research "Projection of populations by level of educational attainment, age, and sex for 120 countries for 2005-2050" (Samir KC et al., 2010) (http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol22/15/22-15.pdf).

The full dataset is available through the link below.


Along with its cultural, leisure and recreational functions tourism contributes significantly (both directly and indirectly) to the world's economy and employment. It contributes to GDP even more than the automotive industry in all the regions throughout the globe: three times as much in Americas and two times as much in Europe, according to the World Travel & Tourism Council's 2013 research.

Concerning employment, 102 million of persons worldwide, or 3.3% of the world's total employed population, were involved directly in travel and tourism industry in 2013, which is almost as much as the population of Mexico.

Survey of Mining Companies, 2012/2013

The Policy Potential Index (PPI) is a composite index, measuring the overall policy attractiveness of the 96 jurisdictions in the survey. The index is composed of survey responses to 15 policy factors that affect investment decisions. The PPI is normalized to a maximum score of 100.

Finland had the highest PPI score of 95.5. Along with Finland, the top 10 ranked jurisdictions are Sweden, Alberta, New Brunswick, Wyoming, Ireland, Nevada, Yukon, Utah, and Norway. All were in the top 10 last year except for Utah and Norway.

Access to mobile subscriptions in Africa

Mobile subscription in Ethiopia have gone up 15 times in last 5 years.

Eritrea has less than 6 people per 100 who have acces to mobile subscriptions as compared to 185+ in Gabon.

80% of countries in Africa are below the average mobile subscriptions in the World.

In last 5 years the mobile subscriptions increased 100% across the World, 200% in Sub-Saharan Africa and increased 350% in South Asia.


Along with the impressive figures of world's recent telecommunication technology development such as doubling of the households with internet access through the last decade or nearing to a reading of one mobile cellular phone per person, there are still a lot of countries where Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) uptake is still very low.

Thus, in Africa, as for 2012, only 8% of households possess a computer and only 6% have access in the Internet. For comparison, in Europe the same indicators constitute 76 and 74 percent respectively making European region the leader by affordability of personal computers and the Internet. What are the other tendencies taking place across the globe which is headily moving towards information society? To answer this question, explore data and ready-made visual analysis presented below.

World Data Atlas - a single place for data discovery

We've made some amazing changes to World Data Atlas recently. 

We've merged  Dataset Browser and World Data Atlas, and now Atlas is the only destination in Knoema where you can browse and find data. 

And here's the short roundup of main opportunities you can use while working with the updated World Data Atlas.
  • Use separate Source tab with a huge collection of different sources including the World Bank, IMF, OECD and many (500+) others;

100K monthly users!

We are proud to announce that we have reached the milestone of 100K unique visitors last month.

And we are not just saying that Knoema is the largest open and public data repository. We are constantly expanding data array and now we count 250 million time series in the system. Just so you know last year we counted 100 million time series for the same time period.

All these achievements are great for us and we want to THANK YOU for making them real. We will be extremely happy if you stay in touch with us and share the joy of all our future achievements! They all mean nothing without you.

What Made Facebook Like WhatsApp?

Facebook announced on 19th Feb 2014 the purchase of Whatsapp in a $19 Billion Deal. It means $42 per WhatsApp user.

WhatsApp was founded by two guys Brain Acton and Jam Koum in 2008, who spent combined 20 years doing geeky stuff at Yahoo! Inc. before starting WhatsApp. Founded in the heart of Silicon Valley, WhatsApp reportedly earned total revenues of about 20 million last year.


On this page you'll find most relevant data and information concerning education which cover essential topics and indicators of education systems of different countries throughout the world in order to enable comprehensive analysis.

It is important to understand global education tendencies in order to support sustainable development. So, literacy still remains important problem since more than 40 percent of population of Sub-Saharan Africa remains illiterate accounting for almost half of the world's illiterate population. It is closely connected to the problem of lack of teachers in the region: in average it accrues about 40 pupils per one teacher in primary education.


According to World Bank Group, more than one fifth of the population of the developing world lives in extreme poverty, that is, lives with incomes below the threshold of $1.25 a day, constituting about 1.2 billion people.

Although these disturbing figures, world has achieved impressive results in poverty reduction during the last 3 decades, even surpassing the expectations of the first Millennium Development Goal of reducing extreme poverty twofold: since 1981 the number of extremely poor people in the developing countries has dropped by more than 720 million people, while it is expected to reduce to 3% of population by 2030, as to World Bank goal.

Land Use

Total land area of Earth is 149 millions of square kilometers and it is almost equally distributed between agricultural, forest, and other lands with the slight overweight of the former one accounting for about 38% of world's land area.

At the same time, only one third of world's agricultural land is used as arable land, two-thirds is occupied by permanent meadows and pastures and the remaining 3% is referred to permanent crops.

Environmental Protection Expenditure in Europe

As of 2009, in the most European countries mining firms tend to spend little share of their investments on environmental protection, however, not without exceptions.

Thus, Italian mining companies are burdened with Environmental Protection Expenditure (EPE) to the greatest extent among relative firms from the other European countries spending one third of all their investments on environmental protection, and 4% of output on current EPE. Yet, only 0.4% of total Environmental Protection Investments (EPI) of Italian mining firms referred to Pollution Prevention Investments (PPI) in 2011, while Hungarian mining firms, in contrast, spent almost all (95%) their EPI on pollution prevention.

Innovation Union Scoreboard

Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS) Index assesses 27 European countries on how do they perform in innovation sphere and its subdivisions.

By monitoring innovation progress across the EU27 member countries, as well as Iceland, Croatia, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia IUS attempts to build strong base to policy discussions and decisions at EU and national level. Measurement framework of IUS embraces in total 25 indicators serving as proxies for 8 innovation dimensions grouped into 3 pillars.

Introducing user profiles and personalization

Your own user profile in Knoema is a good chance to organize your data flow and get more opportunities for personalization.

Having your user profile leads you to a well-ordered feed and easily approachable data.

User profile is essential step for enriching your data discovery and joining Knoema's data community.

Now user profile is easily accessible whatever page you are on - we've added the link with profile picture to the main menu right after the Atlas item.

How Couples Meet and Stay Together

If you want to find your soul mate try to get a job. If you are too young to work, so attend school studiously. But if you have education degree and already have a job, that's good, go to a night club or a bar.

These are not groundless words, these are firm statistical facts. So, according to a survey of 4002 American adults conducted by researchers from Stanford University, 3 above mentioned places are the most popular ones to meet a partner. On the basis of this survey it can also be derived other interesting trends.

World Internet and Facebook Users Statistics

The Internet is defined as the worldwide interconnection of individual networks operated by government, industry, academia, and private parties. Originally the Internet served to interconnect laboratories engaged in government research, and since 1994 it has been expanded to serve millions of users and a multitude of purposes in all parts of the world.

Internet is changing all the time. Two things, in our opinion, have marked it's evolution recently: the social web and mobile technology. These two innovations have changed the way people use the Internet.

Food Security

Food security is a situation in which all people of a country at any moment of time have physical and economic access to the amount of health and nutritious food enough to keep a healthy and active lifestyle. So, it is an ideal condition to which every country should continuously tend and this tendency should be the chief aim of national agricultural and economic policy.

Since the policy should be based on something, measuring and collecting data on food security is the first step towards problem solution. On the present page you can find data and ready-made visualizations which may shed some light on the current progress of the countries in achieving the goal of food security.

Join our webinar and learn some tricks of data mashups

How to upload private data to Knoema and mash up with data from public sources.

Thursday, February 6th, 10 am - 11 am EST.

Join our upcoming webinar and learn how to:

  • upload data you have on hand to Knoema;
  • mash up private data with data from public sources;
  • create visualizations on this basis. 
Click to register

We'll be happy to see you joined!

OECD Has Revised Down World GDP Growth Forecast

OECD in its Economic Outlook No 94 has revised short-term GDP growth forecast on 2014. As a result, GDP growth forecast of 54% of countries under review (23 of 42) has been decreased as well as the world average forecast which reduced by 0.4% from 4.02% to 3.62%.

The most dramatic decrease in forecasted value of GDP growth has been made over India: forecast has been slumped by 1.66% from its last forecast of 6.39%.

Foreign Trade

Constantly increasing globalization and integration of the world, often emphasized in the modern times, is carried out mostly through merchandise trade.

Nowadays, wide variety of goods are involved in merchandise trade, but traditional ones, such as fuels, mining products, machinery and transport still remain most tradable. International trade of services, including transport, tourism and financial services, is also gaining momentum headed by the US as the world leader in exports and imports of services.

Global Web Index, 2013

Designed and produced by the World Wide Web Foundation, the Web Index is the first multi-dimensional measure of the World Wide Web’s contribution to development and human rights globally. It covers 81 countries, incorporating indicators that assess the areas of universal access; freedom and openness; relevant content; and empowerment.

First released in 2012, the 2013 Index has been expanded and refined to include 20 new countries and features an enhanced data set, particularly in the areas of gender, Open Data, privacy rights and censorship. The Index combines existing secondary data with new primary data derived from an evidence-based expert assessment survey.

Global Hunger Index Report, 2013

From the 1990 GHI to the 2013 GHI, 23 countries reduced their scores by 50 percent or more. Forty-six countries made modest progress. Their GHI scores dropped by between 25 and 49.9 percent, and 21 countries decreased their GHI scores by less than 25 percent.

In Africa south of the Sahara, only one country Ghana is among the 10 best performers in terms of improving its GHI score since 1990. Kuwait’s progress in reducing hunger is due mainly to its unusually high score in 1990, when Iraq invaded the country: its GHI score fell by more than 7 points (or 59 percent) by 1995, by 3.4 points between 1995 and 2000, and by only 0.2 points after 2000.

Greenhouse Gases

In exploring international comparisons concerning emissions, the carbon intensity of growth has been used as the primary indicator of each country’s greenhouse gases.

The United States, Canada, and Norway have the highest carbon dioxide emissions per capita.

Join our upcoming webinar to get useful data viz tips

Turn numbers into visuals: some useful tips for creating engaging data visualizations in Knoema.

Thursday, January 23rd, 10 am - 11 am EST.

Join our upcoming webinar and learn how to:
  • use Knoema data or upload data you have on hand;
  • create compelling data viz stories with ease in Knoema.

Cisco Global Cloud Index, 2012-2017

The Cisco Global Cloud Index is an ongoing effort to forecast the growth of global data center and cloud-based IP traffic. The forecast includes trends associated with data center virtualization and cloud computing.

Forecast Overview
Global data center traffic:
   ● Annual global data center IP traffic will reach 7.7 zettabytes by the end of 2017. By 2017, global data center IP traffic will reach 644 exabytes per month (up from 214 exabytes per month in 2012).
   ● Global data center IP traffic will nearly triple over the next 5 years. Overall, data center IP traffic will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 25 percent from 2012 to 2017.

Health Status Vs Education Attainment and Income

In Europe, people with higher level of education and bigger income on average tend to be healthier than those with lower education and/or income level.

Thus, only 55% of people with low education level (ISCED 0-2) perceive their health status as “good” and “very good”. At the same time 81% of population with high education level (ISCED 5-6) has good and very good health.

The same picture is for income: the share of healthy people grows by almost 20% with the increase of income level from 1st to the 5th quintile.

Physically Challenged Population across the United States

Nearly 14 million (estimate) people in the US are Physically Challenged.

California, Texas, Florida & New York states are having more physically challenged people whereas Wyoming has the least (61K).

Here is the report on various disability indicators and how they spread across the United States.

Third Billion Index, 2012

Booz & Company created the Third Billion Index, a ranking of 128 countries worldwide that is based on how effectively leaders are empowering women as economic agents in the marketplace. The index is a composite of established data on women’s economic and social status. The Third Billion Index is unique in that it focuses specifically on women in the world of work.

As growing numbers of women enter the economic mainstream, they will have a profound effect on global business.

Early Death by Lifestyle

The early death by lifestyle page compares various types of early deaths and explores the relationship between lifestyle and policy.

A sedentary lifestyle is revealed to have a greater impact where fewer active transportation alternatives are offered as exhibited in the case of the United States.