Malta: Decade-Long Erosion of the Rule of Law

Daphne Caruana Galizia, the lead journalist in the investigation of the Panama Papers and corruption in Malta, was assassinated last week by a car bomb near her home. Ms. Galizia brought the spotlight to Malta’s connection to the infamous Panama Papers.

Mass Shootings in the United States, 2013-2017

The conversation in the United States has returned to an all too familiar topic, “the latest mass shooting,” a reference to the attack by Stephen Paddock on an outdoor music venue in Las Vegas, Nevada, on the evening of 1 October. Paddock murdered 59 people and injured another 241 people.

Nuclear Testing: North Korea Breaking Ban

On 11 September, the UN Security Council adopted its 8th sanction resolution against North Korea in response to the country’s nuclear test on September 3 in violation of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty of 1996 (CTBT) banning nuclear explosions regardless of purpose.

The most welcoming countries of 2017

Modern and legacy political and military relationships, business investment, and other factors weigh on the power of one’s passport, making the list of least and most welcoming countries globally highly dependent on your citizenship. For example, a German passport holder gains access to more countries than travelers on Chinese or Senegalese passports. However, that same German passport holder cannot visit Equatorial Guinea without a visa while a Chinese passport holder may enter.

UK’s Autumn of Discontent


March of Brexit opponents held in central London on 9 September gathered several tens of thousands of people. The protesters oppose the UK's withdrawal from the EU. This march was one of a series of protests against Brexit, scheduled for this fall. This campaign has already received the name "Autumn of Discontent".

United States: Time Use Survey


Every day we have just 24 hours to accomplish it all. Every day we make hundreds of decisions to parse out those 24 hours. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics in its American Time Use Survey examines just how Americans divvy up their time with input gathered from over 180,000 interviewees aged 15 and older. The survey yields unique insight into "how, where, and with whom Americans spend their time”.

North America Under Siege: Hurricanes, Earthquakes, and Forest Fires



North America’s vulnerability to a variety of natural disasters has dominated media coverage in recent weeks. While Hurricane Harvey continued its path across Texas and Louisiana, Mexico was struck by a mega 8.1 magnitude earthquake, which was then swept out of the headlines as Hurricane Irma barreled through the Caribbean and southeastern United States with the recorded history with maximum sustained winds of 132 mph. Meanwhile, a single region of Canada has faced upwards of 900 wildfires this summer with many still burning and the US Glacier National Park is on fire.

Clean Air, Healthy Lungs

Air pollution occurs when chemical, physical or biological substances alter the natural characteristics of the atmosphere, potentially leading to respiratory and other diseases that can be lethal. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) at the World Health Organization classifies particulate matter, the main component of air pollution, as carcinogenic and published a study in 2013 definitively linking air pollution and lung cancer.

Fertility Rate in the United States

US fertility rates hit the lowest level ever recorded during the first quarter of 2017, reflecting both biological and social changes among the population, including delaying child-bearing and electively choosing not to have children. The current downward trend started in 2007-2008 shortly before the global economic crisis, which could have affected financial resources and planning decisions, and has only recently slowed to a decrease of about 1 percent annually as of 2015.

Number of Retailers: a Measure of Competition



Consistent with traditional economic theory, the number of retailers per million compared to national inflation rates reveals that in markets with greater market competition, prices tend to rise more slowly. Retailers in the food and the sport and leisure sectors, however, work with unique market dynamics that diverge from this relationship and require careful branding and market positioning to succeed.

Rwanda Under the Presidency of Paul Kagame

On August 4, President Paul Kagame won election to serve a third consecutive seven-year term as president of Rwanda, a small African country with a population of 12 million. President Kagame first served as president in 2000 when his predecessor, Pasteur Bizimungu, resigned. Some consider him to be among the longest serving world leaders based on his initial service as Rwanda’s Vice President and Minister of Defence.

The Global Retirement Index: Today's Best Countries for Retirement

You sometimes hear, “Oh, to be young,” and there is merit to that sentiment depending on where you live out your retirement years. Retirement security is not an issue weighing on individuals alone. It is among the top social issues globally because of a simple fact: the world’s population is getting older. According to the World Bank, the share of people aged 65 and older will double by 2050 to reach 1.5 billion. Societies must grapple with how to ensure people have the resources and services to support themselves through retirement.

US Distilled Spirits Market

Take a close look at the top 20 locations worldwide for consumption of distilled spirits and you’ll observe that half of the list is composed of US states. Remarkably, however, the US ranks only 48th of 185 countries for per capita consumption of all alcoholic beverages, according to the World Health Organization. In the ranking by consumption of spirits per capita, the US jumps to 23rd worldwide.

US Weekly Jobless Claims

In the United States, people who lose their jobs may file for unemployment benefits. The number of new jobless claims reported weekly to the U.S. Department of Labor is considered a leading forward indicator for jobs growth in the US labor market and is thereby linked to expectations for economic growth and potential moves by the US Federal Reserve to increase interest rates.

World's Most Visited Cities

In 2016, Germany, Thailand, and Hong Kong were the top destinations for international travelers while China and the United States accounted for roughly one-third of total tourism expenditures worldwide, according to the World Tourism Organization. But, as people typically visit specific cities within a country, and not the entire country, it is far more interesting to examine city-level tourism statistics.

Export Concentration Index: A Measure of Economic Vulnerability

The concentration index of exports estimates a country’s reliance on a limited group of commodities as its primary source of foreign exchange income. Ranging from 0 (perfect diversification) to 1 (concentrated on a single product)*, a comparison of index scores to the contribution of natural resources to GDP worldwide shows that countries which are resource-rich tend to have less diversified export bases.

The Global Electric Car Market

Electric cars constitute less than 0.1 percent of the vehicle market today, but market and regulatory forces all but ensure electric vehicles will be the future of the auto industry. According to the 2016 Global Electric Vehicle Outlook from the International Energy Agency, the global electric car stock has grown rapidly since 2010, from about 2,000 cars in 2005 to nearly 1.3 million in 2015.

The QS World University Ranking

Every year a new class of college applicants from all over the world chooses from among 1000s of universities to hang their ambitions. Several respected agencies publish regular ratings for some of the best universities in the world, including QS, the Academic Rating of World Universities, the Center for World University Rankings (CWUR), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News, to establish guidelines for student choice and to systematize the information available about institutions of higher education.

Millennial Cities Ranking

Millennials are marked for their affinity with media and digital technologies and the consequent positive effect on policy and economy of cities they live in. The migration of individuals of this generation is thus of high interest to everyone from city planners and real estate agents to corporations with long supply chains to recalibrate to the demands of evolving city demographics.

Tour de France Statistics

The 104th Tour de France began July 1 in Düsseldorf, Germany and will end on the famous Champs-Elysees in Paris on July 23 after riders complete 21 stages and 3,540 km. Among the world’s most famous and prestigious cycling events, the Tour de France has been held each July since 1903.* A multi-stage race finishing in France but traversing neighboring countries, the Tour is organized around five stage types: flat, medium and high mountain, individual time, and intermediate sprint.

United States: Vacation Usage and Tourism Statistics

As the years pass, Americans seem to become busier and busier, leaving more vacation time unused than ever before while spending more on what vacation they do enjoy. Last year almost half of working Americans used only some of their paid vacation time, according to US Travel Association’s Project Time Off, with more than 650 million days left unused.

Fires in the United States

Wilderness and structural fires alike lead to loss of life and property, yet unlike wildfires, home destruction and similar structural disasters can often be prevented with observation of fire safety guidelines and regulations, community vigilance, and the service of well-trained and equipped fire departments nationwide. In today’s Viz, we highlight fire-related statistics covering the US during the period from 1977 to 2015.

The 2017 Global Peace Index


The United States recorded the tenth largest deterioration of peace level during the last year among 161 countries. The country slipped 11 places in the 2017 ranking by Global Peace Index since the previous year to become less peaceful than Brazil, Belarus, and Cambodia. Deterioration of peacefulness in the US was largely due to the increase in the level of perceived criminality in the society which was caused by increasing homicide rate, the number of terrorist attacks and mass shootings.

Eurovision Song Contest in Figures

The top three countries at the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 might have been different if Russia had taken part in the event. The matter is that Russia is the most successful country in the history of Eurovision as measured by the share of prize-winning appearances, i.e. the number of times a country finished first, second, or third as a share of the total number of times the country took part in the Grand Final.

The Most Reputable Countries in the World

In 2016, the Reputation Institute ranked Sweden, Canada, and Switzerland as the most reputable countries in the world. The Institute's ranking is based on the collective opinions of 48,000 people surveyed throughout the G8 countries.

The Best Jobs and the Best Cities for Jobs in the US and the UK

It is not only an employer who makes a choice between applicants when hiring, but an employee as well may have his own preferences towards employers. And while wage is generally the key criteria, place of work, occupation, company's image, job's future potential and other factors also make sense.

Refugees to the United States: Policy Uncertainty Taking Hold

Last week a US State Department official notified refugee groups worldwide that they could begin bringing refugees into the United States through the usual multi-year process “unconstrained by the weekly quotas that were in place” under previous US legal and budgetary requirements. The decision undercuts the executive order issued in January by US President Donald Trump to suspend immediately all refugee admissions for a period of at least four months and to lower the ceiling on the number of refugees allowed annually from 110,000 to 50,000.

US Solar Energy Profile

An extended crisis in the US coal industry and ecological concerns surrounding energy generation are important contributors to the phenomenal growth in solar power generation capacity in the US during the last decade. Net solar electricity generation has increased by 7,135 percent, from about 508,000 MWh in 2006 to 36.8 million MWh in 2016.

Worldwide Box Office: Respect is Earned, Not Given

One way to discover great movies and movie trivia is through browsing the Internet Movie Database - better known as IMDb - which is one of the most popular sources for film, TV, and celebrity-biography content. More than 250 million people visit the site each month. The IMDb database includes more than 185 million unique bits of information related to the more than 3 million film and television productions.

Crime in Major Cities Around the World

Beautiful and interesting cities with rich histories can be found around the world. Unfortunately, some cities are set apart not by their beauty or history but the relative safety of tourists in those cities. How can you know if a city is safe to visit? You may want to leave emotion and sentiment aside in favor of more objective data from the likes of international agencies such as UNODC or step into another's shoes and review experience-based data sources such as Numbeo.

An International Trade Perspective on the War in Syria

The Syrian Civil War is the largest ongoing military conflict in the world, already claiming a total of at least 167,000 lives* since civil unrest first erupted in March 2011 on the heels of the Arab Spring. Human life is one measure of a wars devastation. Today, we examine the devastation of war from an economic perspective: international trade.  The disruption in Syrian trade has already lowered its ranking globally from the 88th largest exporter in 2011 to the 141st in 2015.

Top Vehicle Manufacturers in the US Market, 1961-2016

Over the last three years, car sales in the US market have set new all-time records and have included a collection of manufacturers that extend well beyond the American classics that brought the automobile to American consumers. In 2015, vehicle sales in the US reached 17,470,659 units, a growth of 5.7 percent from 2014 and 25,000 units more than the record setting sales in 2005.

Bicycling and Walking in the United States

It is estimated that just 150 minutes of cycling or walking spent by each adult per week could save the US economy about $28 billion a year. Yet, cycling and walking still lack the widespread popularity required to realize this level of economic benefit.

Nutrient Values of Foods and Food Products

Maintaining a healthy, balanced diet requires information well beyond the more easily understood factors such as product quality and sell-by date. Smart consumers understand how to combine food and food products in a diet to meet the recommended daily values of macronutrients, vitamins, and minerals required to not only support life but to support a specific lifestyle.

Negative Interest Rates Around the World

Deterioration in the real interest rate of an economy can lead to an economic downturn. In essence, if inflation rates exceed the interest rates on lending, the profitability of commercial banks is eroded and lending to businesses and individuals dries up. As a result, the production and consumption of goods and services by these would-be borrowers falters.

A Global Perspective on 25 Years of Deforestation

The first trees emerged about 40 million years ago. Humanity needs only about 18,000 years to destroy them completely. This estimate is overly simplistic and assumes a “no change” scenario from current trends in deforestation—an annual average rate of -0.13% during the last 25 years—but it forces us to examine the data from a what if perspective, keeping in mind that forests are one of the most important natural filters and producers of oxygen.

Global Wealth

In 2016, just 1 percent of the world's population owned more than 50 percent of the world's wealth. According to the data from the Credit Suisse Research Institute, inequity of world wealth is growing every year. The Institute's assessment is based on a global analysis of national wealth using the Gini Index, a traditional measure of income distribution and, thereby, inequality.

United States Coal: Revival or Decline?

In March, US President Donald Trump issued the “Energy Independence” executive order, requiring the US Environmental Protection Agency to rewrite the Clean Power Plan, a keystone of former President Obama’s efforts to address climate change. According to experts from the Trump administration, rejecting federal support for alternative energy and delaying the full transition of the US economy to renewable resources will reduce the US budget by approximately 18 percent.

Search Results Page Revised

We are pleased to offer you a new presentation of the search results. Now, in addition to the instant answer to your request, the relevant information such as time series, data sets, and visualizations will appear in the search results.

As our research has shown, in the vast majority of cases, you'll obtain the result that corresponds to your request, directly on the search results page. There is no longer any need to take additional steps to navigate through the Datasets, Time Series, and Visualizations tabs, or click the More results button for more information.


e-Sports: Mainstream Growth Means Big Money

Video games have grown in popularity to become one of the most popular forms of free time activities. Four out of five US households own a device used to play video games, according to research published in 2015 by the Entertainment Software Association (ESA). And, it’s not only students or stereotypical school-age guys participating in video games: the average game player in the US is 35 years old.

How Much Happiness do Pets Contribute in Your Country?

There is much love to be found in relationships between pets and their owners. And, as love influences our lives for the better, so do our pets make us happier.
  • According to one psychological study, pet ownership improves people's happiness in a meaningful way because relationships with pets complement human relationships rather than substituting one for the other. In essence, pets increase the total happiness an owner can possibly experience. 
  • Another medical study suggests that people benefit from their pets in terms of improved health. 

Knoema’s Predictions for the Final Four and 2017 NCAA Championship

The 2017 NCAA Tournament has come to the Final Four: South Carolina vs Gonzaga and Oregon vs North Carolina. To predict which teams will win the Final Four match ups and the 2017 NCAA Championship, we once again turned to the data. Knoema's prediction: North Carolina wins the NCAA championship after defeating Oregon in the Final Four and South Carolina in the championship game.

New Beautiful Rankings in the World Data Atlas

Ranking is one of the main methods to visualize data in Knoema, allowing you to visually compare countries, regions and other items using a selected indicator.

Rankings of countries and regions appeared in the very first version of the World Data Atlas in 2013, and to date, their appearance has not changed. We decided to update their appearance, and to add new functionality.

Further, let's consider the changes in more detail:

  • Updated design using lighter colors and a thinner type had made the World Data Atlas more pleasant and comprehensible for the user's perception;
  • Combining tables and rankings, we obtained a ranking table for easy analysis and viewing of data in one place;
  • The column headings became clickable - by clicking on one of them, you'll get a ranking for the selected date.


The World's Top 100 Airports

If the quality of airports you transit strongly influences your assessment of your overall travel experience, head to Asia. According to the Skytrax World Airport Awards 2017, Asia boasts five of the world’s top 10 airports. Europe came in a close second with four entries in the top 10, led by Munich Airport, ranked fourth globally.

First place was awarded to Airport Changi (Singapore), a rank attributable in part to its various facilities for leisure and entertainment designed to ensure maximum levels of passenger satisfaction.

Gender Diversity and Corporate Boards: A Review of Global Trends

It will of course require more than a bronzed statue of a strong-willed girl taking on the bull of Wall Street to force a sustained and amplified role for women in the upper echelons of the corporate world. But, how far have we come globally in opening c-suites and corporate board rooms to women? 

On average, during the period from 2008 to 2014, the participation rate of women on corporate boards increased in most of the publicly traded corporations included in major equity indices.

Forbes 2016 World's Most Powerful People

Every year Forbes publishes a list of nearly 80 people who make the world turn. The annual list is made up of presidents, prime ministers, CEOs, spiritual leaders, and the world's richest people. This year's edition includes the new president of the U.S., Donald Trump, who was ranked the second most powerful person on the planet, right after Vladimir Putin, who tops the list since 2015. In today's viz, we share the most recent results and some of the underlying data behind the rankings.

What Are the Busiest Months for Births?

It is assumed that births are unevenly distributed throughout any given year, with the distribution influenced by such factors as climate, culture, and major economic and social events. But, is there evidence for this hypothesis? We at Knoema believe that the best evidence starts with data. So, we collected demographic statistics on the number of births monthly from January 2009 through December 2015 for two countries—Russia and the United States—to see what the data could tell us.

The data clearly shows that births are not randomly distributed throughout the year, instead, births seem to correspond with climate and leisure conditions, which may influence parents’ desire to conceive children. 

Drug Overdose Deaths in the United States


Deaths by drug overdose have surged in the US in recent years, reaching what some call epidemic levels in select states and among certain segments of the US population. Drug overdose deaths in the United States have increased three-fold since 1999 from roughly 17,000 deaths to about 52,500 deaths in 2015, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Over the same period, the overdose death rate increased from 6 to 16 deaths per 100,000 people, which means that it grew at a much higher pace than did the US population. To put this further into perspective, the CDC data tell us that in 2015 more people died from drug overdoses in the United States than died from armed conflict in Africa.

The Largest Commodity Price Changes of 2016


Sustained swings in commodity prices attract the attention of a variety of people around the world from traders, researchers, and analysts to policymakers and interested citizens. Commodity prices respond to changes in demand and supply forces as well as irrational exuberance of the markets. In today’s viz we opt to set aside price theory to focus instead on uncovering the largest price changes of 2016 for a selection of internationally traded commodities as well as the largest historic prices changes during the period monitored by the World Bank for the same commodities.

World's Safest Vehicles of 2017


Even as the design of cars become increasingly safety focused and even automated, speed, texting, and driving while under the influence contribute to a rising number of deaths from motor vehicle crashes, particularly in the United States. Asian car manufacturers nearly swept the 2016 motor vehicle safety rankings by the US Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), securing nine of the top 10 spots. Only Daimler's (Germany) Mercedes-Benz GLE-Class joined Toyota, Hyundai, Subaru, and Honda in the top 10.